Concho Valley Archeological Society
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October 27, 7 p.m. 

William A. (Andy) Cloud
Director of the Center for Big Bend Studies of Sul Ross State University

The La Junta Archaeological District: Villages in the Big Bend 

Around A.D. 1200, semi-sedentary villages sprang up at the confluence of the Río Conchos of Mexico and Rio Grande. While there has been debate on the origins of these first Big Bend villagers—Jornada Mogollon migrants or local hunter-gatherers—they practiced agriculture, used extra-local pottery, and lived in bastardized pithouses (actually houses in pits). Spaniards found these villagers at the confluence when they first entered the area in the 16th century and ultimately established missions and then a presidio there. Archaeological excavations by J. Charles Kelley in the late 1930s through the early 1950s uncovered abundant information about these villages which, more recently, has been supplemented through efforts of the Center for Big Bend Studies. This presentation will mesh archaeological and historical data concerning what Kelley called the “La Junta Archaeological District.” 



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